The Maya Fruit: Canistel
Mayan youths gather mature, green canistel fruit from dense evergreen trees planted near their homes. The fruit are placed in the cooled ashes of the fire and left to ripen to a golden yellow. In the Yucatan the canistel remains a common home garden fruit. Its flesh retains a bright yellow color when heated or frozen, making it attractive in natural sorbets and baked products.
The canistel, Pouteria campechiana, is a member of the Sapotaceae (mamey sapote family). It is an evergreen tree native to Central America. The canistel is highly adaptable in Florida where it is grown in some home gardens. The tree is easy to grow with minimal care because it is quite wind resistant, and tolerates sandy or limestone soils.
Canistel or “egg fruit” has similar characteristics to cooked pumpkin. It is delicious when mixed with milk products, because it doesn’t sour the milk like many fruits do. It has a consistency of boiled egg-yolk. The yellow flesh is relatively firm and mealy with a few fibers. The fruit matures from November through March. Canistel can be eaten fresh or used in pies, milkshakes, pudding and bread. The fruit are picked when mature (yellow-color) and can be stored at room temperature for 3 to 10 days. If you wish to store the flesh you can freeze it for up to 6 months. Before freezing, mix the flesh with sugar. Canistel are rich in vitamin C, calcium, minerals and phosphorous; fat-low.
One cup fresh pulp contains:
- 139 calories
- 29 g protein
- 0.13 g fat
- 37 g carbohydrates
- 0.10 g fiber
- 27 mg calcium
- 37 mg phosphorous
- 58 mg vitamin C
'Bruce,' selected in South Florida, will provide ample harvests of 3/4 pound fruit.
La Fruta de los Mayas: Canistel Pouteria campechiana
Los Mayas cosechaban las frutas guechas de los siempre verdes y densos árboles de canistel, plantados cerca de sus hogares. Las frutas son colocadas en las ceniza frescas para madurarlas a un color amarillo oro. En Yucatán el canistel sigue siendo una fruta común en los jardines caseros. Su pulpa puede ser congelada o calentada sin que pierda su color amarillo brillante, lo que la hace atractiva para usarla en sorbetes naturales y pasteles.